(1/5) DISASTER RESPONSE
(2/5) LOCAL RESPONSE
The design process started with researching how flood disasters that took place in countries like Vietnam were typically handled by disaster relief agencies or non government organizations. Some helpful information were the four phases of disaster relief (source from Fidelity Charitable) and the flood safety checklist (source from American Red Cross).
The holistic approach to disaster response:
- What preparation should be taken
- What supplies are needed
- What they should do after a flood
- The time frame of each disaster relief phase
- Goals, services provided and how social media impacts and responds in each phase
(3/5) DAMAGES CAUSED BY TYPHOON
The Viet Nam Red Cross (VNRC) helped those affected by the disaster by distributing household kits, food, medicine and other emergency relief items. These were being delivered by boat to heavily-flooded areas and by hand to remote villages threatened by landslides. They also distributed construction materials, rice seeds, fertilizers and cows during early recovery efforts.
The evaluation of the VNRC relief response with support from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and Participating National Societies.
The list of relief items provided to the victims of typhoons Ketsana and Mirinae that took place in Vietnam in 2009 gives a good understanding of the level of the damage, what items were critical for the relief and how many was needed. It is clear that the three most important supplies were food, clean water and household kits.
(4/5) HOUSE HOLD SURVEY RESULTS
In response to the question, “What are the most needed items/ assistance after the disaster hit your household?” a majority of respondents said they needed rice (89,3%) while there is smaller percentage of respondents said they needed Household Kits or fertilizer or house building materials (53,9%, 55,5% and 58,7% respectively), and a much smaller percentage of respondents said they needed plastic sheets (31,1%) or clothes (20,5%). The questionnaire did not differentiate between short term and longer term needs.
(5/5) DESIGN FOR DISASTER RELIEF
In terms of damages caused by typhoons to households, there are a majority of families lost their rice paddies entirely (75,5%), lost other crops (72,95), animals (59,1%), HH items (45,5%), educational kits (43,5%), and farming tools (34,5%). While the typhoons caused only a few deaths (6 or 2.5%) and some injures (10 or 4,1%), they caused serious damage in terms of housing and agriculture to these families with 81,8% houses flooded, 45,9% houses collapsed, and 75,5% rice paddy flooded.
Household kits were a priority for people if the individual items were not available on the market. However, in the early recovery phase, household kits were not a priority.
Research and analysis on existing disater relief design all around the world, especailly in developing communities. There are two main types of disaster relief based on different phases of recovery: the temporary one that serves as an immediate response, the other one which takes place over a longer period is to help the victims recover and rebuild their lives. The second one takes careful planning and coordination.